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Air Conditioners are made up of two fundamental units: the indoor evaporator coil and the outdoor condensing unit. These two units can be configured as a single (or package) unit, as a "split" unit, as a high velocity SpacePak, or ductless split. Air Conditioners have cooling efficiency ratings called SEER (Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio). High efficiency units have efficiencies of 16 SEER and 10 SEER or above. Many older air conditioners have a SEER of 6.5. If you buy a new air conditioning unit with a 13 SEER, you will cut your cooling cost in half. The higher the unit's efficiency, the more it will cost to install, but you will have a return on your investment in the form of lower utility bills!
Single or Package units combine these two components into a single physical unit, usually placed outside. Cold air is transported into your house through ductwork. Single units are more commonly used in commercial or industrial buildings than in homes.
Split Unit means that there is an outdoor unit (condenser) and indoor unit (evaporator coil). If you're replacing a system, both units should be replaced to make sure your new condensing unit gives you the best performance, efficiency and comfort.
Ductless Split Units are slightly different. They are used in residences (such as historical homes) or commercial locations that do not have ductwork to carry the cold air. The "split" portion of the name indicates that the condenser unit is typically located outdoor, while the evaporator is typically located indoors.
Some consumers use ductless splits as a backup energy source. Or if the layout of your home or office has a "problem area" (for instance, split level homes or higher level floors) and the need for a supplemental cooling is necessary, a Ductless System is a perfect fit! Read more information on Ductless Systems.
Now available: One (1) outdoor condenser with eight (8) indoor evaporator fan coils for zoning all your rooms separately. Saves money!
SpacePak High Velocity Air Conditioning System is a central cooling system designed for homes, commercial and retail spaces with no existing ductwork. The system distributes high velocity air through flexible, pre-insulated 2" tubing which slides through wall structures and around obstacles to eliminate costly remodeling.
SpacePak is also ideal for older homes, historical landmarks, and townhouses heated with hot water, steam, electric heat, radiant floor heating, or commercial units that require multiple zones.
It features an exclusive deep coil design that can remove up to 30% more moisture from the air than conventional central air systems. Because of lower humidity you will feel cool at a higher, more energy efficient thermostat setting.
If you're in the market for a total cooling and heating solution, just add a hydronic (hot water) coil or a heat pump to SpacePak and you've got a fully integrated solution!
Air conditioning units are manufactured to meet or exceed minimum efficiency standards set by the U.S. Department of Energy. For nearly a decade, the minimum has been 10 SEER. On January 23, 2006, the minimum jumped to 13 SEER, a 30% increase over the current standard. This will only apply to new equipment manufactured as of this date and thereafter. For more information on 13 SEER efficiency mandate, visit http://www.energy.gov.
Your Refrigerant is Due for a Change: Another change you need to be aware of is the phase out of R-22, the refrigerant most commonly used in today's air conditioners and heat pumps. As of 2010, all new air conditioners and heat pumps are now required to use "environmentally sound" refrigerant, such as Puron R410. This phase out has been mandated in an effort to help protect the Earth's ozone layer. Changing to Puron R410 refrigerant now can protect you from the potentially higher future costs of servicing your air conditioner or heat pump that uses R-22. As of 2010, equipment can no longer be manufactured with R-22. R410 units will be available for installation until they are no longer available, and are expected to be phased out by 2020. Puron R410 has proven to be more efficient and comfortable than Freon R22. It's a refrigerant some manufacturers like Bryant have been using quite successfully since 1996.